A Brief Introduction to Chinese Visa and the Procedure for Visa
Chinese visa is a permit issued to a foreigner by the Chinese visa
authorities for entry into, exit from or transit through the Chinese territory.
The Chinese visa authorities may issue a diplomatic, courtesy, service or
ordinary visa to a foreigner according to his identity, purpose of visit to
China and passport type. Hereunder is an introduction to the ordinary visa and
its application procedure:
The ordinary visas consist of eight sub-categories, which are
marked with Chinese phonetic letters (D, Z, X, F, L, G, C, J-1 and J-2
Visa D: issued to aliens who are to reside
permanently in China. A permanent residence confirmation form shall be required
for the application of Visa D. The applicant shall apply to obtain this form
himself or through his designated relatives in China from the exit-and-entry
department of the public security bureau in the city or county where he applies
Visa Z: Issued to aliens who are to take up posts
or employment in China, and to their accompanying family members. To apply for
a Visa Z, an Employment License of the People's Republic of China for
Foreigners (which could be obtained by the employer in China from the
provincial or municipal labor authorities) and a visa notification
letter/telegram issued by an authorized organization or company are required.
Visa X: Issued to aliens who come to China for
study, advanced studies or job-training for a period of six months or more. To
apply for a Visa X, certificates from the receiving unit and the competent
authority concerned are required, i.e., Application Form for Overseas Students
to China (JW201 Form or JW202 Form), Admission Notice and Physical Examination
Record for Foreigners.
Visa F: Issued to an applicant who is invited to
China on a visit, on a study or lecture, business tour, for
scientific-technological and cultural exchanges, for short-term refresher
course or for job-training, for a period of no more than six months. To apply
for a Visa F, the invitation letter from the inviting unit or the visa
notification letter/telegram from the authorized unit is required.
Visa L: Issued to aliens who come to China for
sightseeing, visiting relatives or other private purposes. For a tourist
applicant, in principle he shall evidence his financial capability of covering
the travelling expenses in China, and when necessary, provide the air, train or
ship tickets to the heading country/region after leaving China. For the
applicants who come to China to visit relatives, some are required to provide
invitation letters from their relatives in China.
Visa G: Issued to aliens who transit through
China. The applicants are required to show valid visas and on-going tickets to
the heading countries/regions.
Visa C: Issued to train attendants, air
crewmembers and seamen operating international services, and to their
accompanying family members. To apply for a visa C, relevant documents are
required to be provided in accordance with bilateral agreements or regulations
of the Chinese side.
Visa J-1: Issued to foreign resident
correspondents in China.
Visa J-2: Issued to foreign correspondents who
make short trip to China on reporting tasks. The applicants for J-1 and J-2
visas are required to provide a certificate issued by the competent Chinese
In addition to providing the above-mentioned documents, an
applicant is also required to answer relevant questions and go through the
following formalities (with the exception of those stipulated otherwise by
Providing valid passport or a travel document in lieu of the
Filling out a visa application form, and providing a recent 2-inch,
bareheaded and full-faced passport photo.
Paying the visa fee
The overseas Chinese visa authorities are Chinese embassies,
consulates, visa offices, the consular department of the Office of the
Commissioner of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in HKSAR, and other agencies
abroad authorized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China. If a foreigner
intends to enter into, exit from or transit through the Chinese territory, he
shall apply to the above-mentioned Chinese visa authorities for a Chinese visa.
For further information, please consult the nearest Chinese visa authorities.
The above message is quoted from
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the People's Republic of China .